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Ultrasonography in pregnancy

Obstetric ultrasonography - Wikipedi

  1. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Obstetric ultrasonography, or prenatal ultrasound, is the use of medical ultrasonography in pregnancy, in which sound waves are used to create real-time visual images of the developing embryo or fetus in the uterus (womb)
  2. The Purpose of Ultrasounds in Pregnancy Obstetricians and other healthcare professionals use ultrasounds to view babies, and all their precious parts, in utero. Ultrasounds use sound waves to create images of your baby as well as your uterus, placenta, and surrounding blood vessels and organs
  3. ABSTRACT: Obstetric ultrasonography is an important and common part of obstetric care in the United States. The purpose of this document is to present information and evidence regarding the methodology of, indications for, benefits of, and risks associated with obstetric ultrasonography in specific clinical situations
  4. Ultrasound is, arguably, the most commonly used diagnostic procedure in obstetrics. It is convenient, painless, yields immediate, extensive results, and is widely considered to be safe. Some (but not all) benefits described in the literature have been validated by evidence-based analysis, such as pregnancy dating
  5. An ultrasound is a type of technology that uses sound waves to create images. During pregnancy, a transducer (or wand) is placed in your vagina or on top of your belly. It emits sound waves that bounce off of your baby's tissues, fluids and bones
  6. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 101: Ultrasonography in pregnancy Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Feb;113(2 Pt 1):451-61. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e31819930b0

This review is to better clarify the role of ultrasonography during pregnancies complicated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). It will focus on the effect of GDM on pregnancy, and the use of ultrasound modality to estimate fetal size and accordingly the mode of delivery Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging are not associated with risk and are the imaging techniques of choice for the pregnant patient, but they should be used prudently and only when use is expected to answer a relevant clinical question or otherwise provide medical benefit to the patient Ultrasonography, or simply ultrasound (US), is used in prenatal care for monitoring normal fetal development and maintenance of maternal well being. During the first trimester (6 days of gestation up to 13 weeks) an US may be performed for a variety of reasons Introduction to Obstetric Ultrasound • Use of ultrasound scans in pregnancy • Introduced in late 1950s • Provision of good information about the fetus and its environment • Determining early intervention or conservative management • Safe, non-invasive, accurate, and cost-effective investigation in fetus • Important role in care of.

Throughout the history, pregnant women routinely undergo ultrasound examination, a test that uses high-frequency sound waves to image the developing baby and the mother's placenta and uterus A fetal ultrasound (sonogram) is an imaging technique that uses sound waves to produce images of a fetus in the uterus. Fetal ultrasound images can help your health care provider evaluate your baby's growth and development and monitor your pregnancy The ultrasound can be used during pregnancy to show images of the amniotic sac, placenta, and ovaries. The idea for ultrasonography came from sonar technology, which makes use of sound waves to detect underwater objects

Pregnancy dating with a first trimester or mid-trimester ultrasound will reduce the number of misdated pregnancies and subsequent unnecessary inductions for post-dates pregnancies. Third trimester ultrasounds for pregnancy dating are much less dependable. Ultrasound is a helpful tool for the evaluation of fetal growth in at-risk pregnancies and th Ultrasonography is a very important tool in pregnancy to check the baby's growth, development, position and movements. It also gives parents the first glimpse of their baby. It is very important that you understand the terminologies and other factors in the scan by which your pregnancy will be followed up for 9 months An ultrasound scan sends high-frequency sound waves to the uterus during pregnancy to capture the image of the foetus. Images in ultrasound scans reveal the developmental phases of the body, often revealing bones and tissues through shades of white and grey. What is an Ultrasound Scan Ultrasonography in pregnancy 1. SHARON TREESA ANTONY FIRST YEAR M.SC NURSING GOVT.COLLEGE OF NU 2. MODALITIES A mode B mode M mode Real time 3. FIRST TRIMESTER 4. Purposes Dating: 6 weeks: TVS Number Viability Location Anomalies : anencephaly 5

ultrasonography to assess for potential fetal abnormalities, confirm the site of pregnancy within the uterus, and determine gestational age is considered the standard of care. Also, the use of ultrasound scanning during th Ultrasound is used during pregnancy to check the baby's development, the presence of a multiple pregnancy and to help pick up any abnormalities. The ultrasound scan isn't 100 per cent accurate, but the advantages of the test are that it's non-invasive, painless and safe for both mother and unborn baby Pregnancy ultrasounds provide your doctor with plenty of valuable information. The results allow him to monitor your baby's growth, detect abnormalities, predict your due date, determine whether. Ultrasonography in pregnancy was not associated with adverse maternal or perinatal outcome, impaired physical or neurological development, increased risk for malignancy in childhood, subnormal intellectual performance or mental diseases Ultrasonography in pregnancy was not associated with adverse maternal or perinatal outcome, impaired physical or neurological development, increased risk for malignancy in childhood, subnormal intellectual performance or mental diseases. According to the available clinical trials, there was a wea

The Types and Timing of Ultrasounds During Pregnanc

  1. Ultrasound pregnancy A pregnancy ultrasound is an imaging test that uses sound waves to create a picture of how a baby is developing in the womb. It is also used to check the female pelvic organs during pregnancy. Watch this video about: Ultrasoun
  2. Obstetric ultrasonography is an important and common part of obstetric care in the United States. The purpose of this document is to present information and evidence regarding the methodology of, indications for, benefits of, and risks associated with obstetric ultrasonography in specific clinical situations
  3. In this ultrasound, the fetus's neck thickness is measured. A second ultrasound (or third) ultrasound is usually done at 18 to 20 weeks to review the baby's anatomy and rule out abnormalities. It's also when you can find out the gender, if you care to know. In a typical, low-risk pregnancy, those two scans might be all you ever need.
  4. ing pregnancy status, stage of pregnancy and litter size. By grouping animals according to pregnancy status, stage and/or litter size, managers can increase production efficiency, improve allocation of farm resources and improve the health and welfare of the flock/herd

Ultrasonography is the most accurate diagnostic modality in the confirmation of a viable pregnancy during the first trimester. [ 14 ] Transabdominal ultrasonography of the pelvis provides an. Ultrasound—also known as a sonogram—is a medical imaging technique that uses sound waves to see inside the body. In pregnancy, ultrasound is used to scan the abdomen and pelvic cavity to view the fetus and placenta. Ultrasounds may be performed at any stage during pregnancy Ultrasound (also called sonogram) is a prenatal test offered to most pregnant women. It uses sound waves to show a picture of your baby in the uterus (womb). Ultrasound helps your health care provider check on your baby's health and development. Ultrasound can be a special part of pregnancy—it's the first time you get to see your baby

76805 Ultrasound, pregnant uterus, real-time with image documentation; fetal and maternal evaluation, after first trimester, transabdominal approach; single or first gestation 76810 Same as 76805, each additional gestation 76811 Ultrasound, pregnant uterus, real time with image documentation, fetal and maternal evaluation plus detailed fetl anatomic examination, A transvaginal ultrasound of a pregnant uterus can be performed in the first trimester of pregnancy and later in a pregnancy to evaluate cervical length and the position of the placenta relative to the internal cervical os. When this exam is done in the first trimester, the same indications for a standard first trimester ultrasound, 76801, apply 4D ultrasounds: A 4D ultrasound is similar to a 3D ultrasound, but the image shows movement like a video would. So in a 4D sonogram, you'd see your baby doing things in real time (like opening and closing his eyes and sucking his thumb). Reasons to get ultrasounds during pregnancy

Ultrasound in Pregnancy ACO

Benefits and risks of ultrasound in pregnanc

Bedside ultrasonography is indicated in the presence of vaginal bleeding or abdominal pain in a patient in the first trimester of pregnancy. Do not perform bedside ultrasonography if it delays resuscitation or definitive surgical care in an unstable patient Ultrasound in pregnancy or obstetric ultrasound is a safe, non-invasive and accurate means of evaluating the fetus. It has become an indispensable obstetric tool and plays an important role in the care of every pregnant woman Several investigators have examined the accuracy of ultrasound in diagnosis of molar pregnancy. Fowler et al. [] published the largest study evaluating the role of ultrasound in detection of molar pregnancy.The authors reviewed 1053 consecutive cases of molar pregnancy with early ultrasound evaluation and found that the sensitivity for detecting either a CHM or PHM was 44 %

Pregnancy Ultrasound - When to Get Your First Ultrasoun

The following is a list of exams that your veterinarian may wish to conduct: 14 Day Equine Ultrasound taken with the Ibex® Portable Ultrasound. 1.) 14 day Equine Ultrasound - Two weeks post ovulation will be your mare's first pregnancy check.At this point the embryonic vesicle will look like nothing more than a small (~1.5cm) fluid-filled round structure in the uterus These include other ultrasound markers of fetal compromise, such as Doppler indices.18 The POP study showed that the combination of ultrasonography in the third trimester and measurement of placental biomarkers in the mother's blood (the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1:placental growth factor ratio) strongly predicted adverse pregnancy.

Studies and researches have been conducted to scrutinize the various benefits and risks of ultrasounds during pregnancy and several more are going on.. Though there is still an ongoing debate as to whether a pregnant woman should undergo an ultrasound, several of risks and benefits have already been determined I had my mid-pregnancy ultrasound yesterday. My mom says she didn't have any ultrasounds when she was pregnant with me (in 1974). When did ultrasounds during pregnancy become a standard and normal thing, not just some Ultrasound in Pregnancy An ultrasound is a test that uses sound waves to look at your baby, the uterus and the placenta. You will be able to hear your baby's heartbeat and pictures will be seen on the screen. An ultrasound is not an x-ray and does not cause pain. This test takes about 20 minutes and will b

ACOG Practice Bulletin No

Ultrasound has become the most common and reliable method for early pregnancy diagnosis in mares. Most equine practices own one of many commercially available portable ultrasound scanners. For pregnancy diagnosis, real time linear array B-mode portable ultrasound machines that are fitted with a rectal (linear array) scanner or probe are used This policy is based in part on The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Practice Bulletin on Ultrasonography in Pregnancy and guidelines from the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM). Ultrasonography in pregnancy should be performed only when there is a valid medical indication. ACOG (2009) stated, The use of. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 101: Ultrasonography in Pregnancy. Obstetrics & Gynecology: February 2009 - Volume 113 - Issue 2 - p 451-461. Free; This document has been withdrawn or is no longer available Ultrasound images have revolutionized how doctors and midwives care for pregnant women, and how parents-to-be experience pregnancy. This amazing technology can peer into the mother's body without exposing the mother or baby to harmful radiation, providing the doctor with a wealth of information that helps guide the care of the pregnant woman Obstetric ultrasound: To assess the fetus and related structures in pregnant women. Small parts ultrasound: Thyroid, scrotum, breast ultrasound Transfontanelle ultrasound: To visualize the intracranial structures before the closure of the fontanelles in paediatric patients or through boreholes

Appendicitis in pregnancy is especially dangerous because perforation of the appendix increases the likelihood of maternal and fetal morbidity significantly. For this reason, it is important to diagnose and treat suspected appendicitis in pregnancy as soon as possible. The patient was diagnosed with appendicitis via a transabdominal ultrasound Transvaginal ultrasounds (TVU) (76817) are considered medically necessary when conducted in the first trimester for the same indications as a standard first trimester ultrasound, and later in pregnancy to assess cervical length, location of the placenta in women with placenta previa, or after an inconclusive transabdominal ultrasound. Cervical. Ultrasound is a medical scan that helps create images of the body parts or of a growing baby in case of ultrasound during pregnancy. Sound waves, which are totally harmless, are transmitted to the body part under inspection. Book your USG scan for pregnancy at your local top-quality labs through us at up to 60% discount. The lowest Pregnancy. Ultrasound scans use sound waves to build a picture of the baby in the womb. The scans are painless, have no known side effects on mothers or babies, and can be carried out at any stage of pregnancy In this webinar Dr. Jonathan F. Pycock BVetMed PhD DESM MRCVS Consultant will take you through the use of ultrasonography to detect pregnancy in the mare fro..

Role of Ultrasonography in Pregnancies Complicated by

Dec. 2, 2004 -- Having multiple ultrasound examinations during pregnancy is unlikely to cause any lasting harm to the developing fetus, according to a new study that confirms the long-term safety. Routine ultrasound in late pregnancy (after 24 weeks' gestation) to assess the effects on the infant and maternal outcomes Ultrasound can be used as a clinical diagnostic tool in late pregnancy to assess the baby's condition when there are complications, or to detect problems which may not otherwise be apparent Ultrasound scans are typically useful only in the early stages of pregnancy because a limited field of view only permits the complete capture of small placentas. To overcome this, a multi-probe system was used to acquire different fields of view and then combine them with a voxel-wise fusion algorithm to obtain a fused ultrasound volume. An abdominal ultrasound has no risks. Unlike X-rays or CT scans, ultrasounds use no radiation, which is why doctors prefer to use them with to check on developing babies in pregnant women.. Fetal.

Guidelines for Diagnostic Imaging During Pregnancy and

The biophysical profile (BPP test) combines an ultrasound evaluation with a non-stress test (NST) and is intended to determine fetal health during the third trimester.This biophysical profile is performed if there is a question about fetal health and well being resulting from either an examination, maternal/fetal symptoms, or if the pregnancy is considered high risk Florida pregnancy partners with ERLC for ultrasound machine. By Barbara Hoffman/Florida Baptist Convention. PORT ST. LUCIE, Fla. (BP) - Driven by a mission to build families by helping them discover and pursue God's design, Family Church has been instrumental in helping a local pregnancy center receive an ultrasound machine to help women choose life Introduction. Bedside gastric ultrasound is a valuable point‐of‐care ultrasonographic application for the assessment of content and volume 1, which may alter peri‐operative clinical management 2.Its feasibility and utility have been shown in diverse patient groups, including adult patients having elective 2 or urgent surgery 3, children 4, the morbidly obese 5, 6 and pregnant women 7-9 Ultrasound in Pregnancy. The primary purpose of all our packages and our Fetal Health Scan, is the well-being of mum and baby. Your sonographer will conduct the appropriate health checks and you will receive a report to take home if required. Available Scans & Prices Available Scans & Prices An ultrasound scan is an easy way to look at the developing fetus inside your uterus. The image can be enlarged to view the uterus (womb), the placenta (afterbirth), the amniotic fluid (the water around the baby) and the anatomy of the baby. Is it safe for me and for my baby? Ultrasound scans have been performed in pregnancy for more than 30.

Vaginal ultrasonography - Wikipedia

A pregnancy ultrasound is an imaging test that uses sound waves to create a picture of how a baby is developing in the womb. It is also used to check the female pelvic organs during pregnancy. Alternative Names. Pregnancy sonogram; Obstetric ultrasonography; Obstetric sonogram; Ultrasound - pregnancy; IUGR - ultrasound; Intrauterine growth. The ultrasound can be used during pregnancy to show images of the baby, amniotic sac, placenta, and ovaries. Major anatomical abnormalities or birth defects may be visible on an ultrasound

In some cases, a pregnancy ultrasound may be done by placing the probe into the vagina. This is more likely in early pregnancy, Many women will have the length of their cervix measured by vaginal ultrasonography around 20 to 24 weeks of pregnancy. How to Prepare for the Test. You will need to have a full bladder to get the best ultrasound image Ultrasonography is a non-invasive technique that permits an accurate diagnosis of pregnancy and allows serial evaluation of the developing embryo/fetus and the extrafetal structures. The first ultrasonographic indication of pregnancy is a gestational chamber seen on day 10 after mating as a small circular anechoic structure

Ultrasonography in pregnancy should be performed only when there is a valid medical indication. ACOG (2009) stated, The use of either two-dimensional or three-dimensional ultrasonography only to view the fetus, obtain a picture of the fetus, or determine the fetal sex without a medical indication is inappropriate an Having an ultrasound during pregnancy gives sneak peak of baby, helps in determining gender, helps in knowing delivery dates, helps in determining the structure, number and position of the fetus, detects early placental issues, detects fetus growth and growth related issues, level of amino acids and helps in determining the size of the fetus before delivery This article evaluates the clinical relevance of ultrasonography during pregnancy complicated by diabetes for fetal surveillance, assessment of diabetes impact, guidance of diabetes treatment, and obstetric management. Although ultrasound has improved, its effect on reduction of perinatal morbidity and mortality remains to be proven, and its use to detect large-for-gestational-age fetuses is. Obstetric Ultrasound is the use of ultrasound scans in pregnancy. Ultrasound and ultrasonography was introduced in the late 1950's and has become a very useful diagnostic tool in obstetrics. Currently used equipment, known as real time scanners, take continuous pictures of the moving fetus which can be depicted on a monitor Using ultrasound. An alternative approach before obtaining a CTPA or V/Q scan is to start a PE workup with a chest x-ray and a lower extremity (LE) ultrasound to assess for deep venous thrombosis (DVT). If the LE ultrasound is positive, the treatment threshold is surpassed and the patient should be started on anticoagulants for a likely PE

Routine Pregnancy Ultrasounds. During the first trimester, or when you make your first appointment, you should have a quick ultrasound that confirms pregnancy, looks for a heartbeat, assesses the number and location of sacs, and measures for approximate gestational age. Most providers prefer to wait until you are between eight and 12 weeks. Ultrasounds performed before 13 6/7 weeks are considered first trimester ultrasounds. The indications for performing these ultrasounds include confirming the presence of an intrauterine pregnancy or cardiac activity; evaluation of a suspected ectopic pregnancy, hydatidiform mole, vaginal bleeding, pelvic/adnexal pain or mass, or for uterine abnormalities; estimation of gestational age.

Ultrasonography (USG) isnow an established tool in the clinical management of pregnancy. It is beneficial in detection of congenital malformations, multiple pregnancies, placentaprevia and for confirmation of period of gestation. Theprevalenceofcongenital anomalies ranges from 2% to 4% of all births, but they accoun Benefits of baby ultrasound . There may be a number of benefits to having an ultrasound during pregnancy. Due dating. Some studies have concluded that a baby ultrasound before 14 weeks gestation is the most accurate way to predict the due date Ultrasound evaluation of the endometrium after medical termination of pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 2004; 103:871-875. 26. Tal J, Haddad S, Gordon N, Timor-Tritsch I: Heterotopic pregnancy after ovulation induction and assisted reproduction and assisted reproductive technology: A literature review from 1971-1993. Fertil Steril 1996: 66: 1-12. 2 Ultrasound can readily distinguish the most common causes of vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy, and plays an essential role in patient management. Familiarity with the US appearance as well as new guidelines is essential to avoid causing potential harm to the mother or developing fetus progression can be seen on ultrasound from a chorionic sac: the first sonographic evidence of pregnancy, to the embryo with cardiac activity. Identifying the ultrasound landmarks of a normal pregnancy in the first trimester, and rstanding their undenormal progression, helps to confirm pregnancy and assist in the diagnosis of pregnancy failure

Obstetric ultrasound - SlideShar

Ultrasound imaging is the most widely used medical imaging method during pregnancy. Fetal ultrasound imaging provides real-time images of the fetus. Doppler fetal ultrasound heartbeat monitors are. The ultrasound is very accurate in the 30- to 75-day range, but less so in the later stages of pregnancy. Newer ultrasounds have probes that get much deeper so allow more accuracy later in pregnancy. Others have introducers whereby the veterinarian's arm does not even enter the rectum. We need to watch these as occasionally the rectum can be.

A Doppler pregnancy test is done in the same way that a normal ultrasound scan is done. The pregnant woman will be asked to lie down on the examination platform, and her skirt/pants will be lowered to expose the baby bump. The sonographer then applies a water-based gel on the tummy pregnancy in bitches depending on the first mating. The experiments were performed on 32 bitches. Pregnancy was detected using transabdominal ultrasonography with Siemens sonoline adara equipment and a covex 5 MHz probe. Subsequent serial examinations were made to sonographically characteriz

Ultrasound

The Importance of Ultrasonography in Pregnancy - IDS

Pregnancy ultrasounds offer an opportunity to check that your pregnancy is progressing as expected and that your baby is healthy. Many people feel reassured to see images of their developing baby. If the ultrasound scan detects a problem, having the information early is often important. In some situations where a problem is detected during. Ultrasound examinations, particularly if obtained soon after onset of infection, may not identify prenatal features of congenital Zika syndrome and structural manifestations can be identified at later points in pregnancy. Ultrasound abnormalities have been detected in the fetus from 2 to 29 weeks after symptom onset, and therefore, insufficient. Ultrasound . In the modern veterinary practice, ultrasonography is the most common method used to diagnose pregnancy in the mare as it is can routinely be used to detect pregnancy as early as day 12 - 14 following ovulation. The ultrasound works by emitting high frequency sound waves The earliest in pregnancy that the fetus's sex can be determined by ultrasound is about 12 weeks, and even then, it can be very difficult, says Dr. Hakakha. The external genitalia—the vulva. Medical uses. Abdominal ultrasound can be used to diagnose abnormalities in various internal organs, such as the kidneys, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen and abdominal aorta.If Doppler ultrasonography is added, the blood flow inside blood vessels can be evaluated as well (for example, to look for renal artery stenosis).It is commonly used to examine the uterus and fetus during pregnancy.

Ectopic Pregnancy - Atlas of pathophysiology, 2 Edition

Fetal ultrasound - Mayo Clini

Pregnancy Confirmation Ultrasound. The main reason you should get an ultrasound is simply to see how far along you are in your pregnancy. With this safe and accurate procedure you will also be able to detect the fetal heartbeat, determine the babies age and approximate due date A prenatal ultrasound can be done early in the first trimester to confirm and date the pregnancy, or during weeks 11-14 as part of the first trimester screening test. Second-trimester ultrasounds (also called standard or level 2 ultrasounds) usually are done between 18-20 weeks to examine the fetal anatomy and to confirm normal development The first trimester of pregnancy is a period of tremendous embryonic growth and development. Expectant mothers experience joy and anticipation but also great uncertainty and anxiety because of high failure and complication rates. The development of high-resolution endovaginal ultrasonography allows the pregnant uterus to be assessed earlier and with better resolution than ever before Equine Ultrasound Pregnancy Images. All of the images and videos below were produced using a Universal S8 Color Doppler Ultrasound from Universal Imaging, Bedford Hills, NY. More details about this unit are given at the foot of this page. Click on all images to see an enlargemen

Echography ultrasonography ultrasound pregnancy fetalA rapid-growing uterine mass during pregnancy - American

Pregnancy: Prenatal Ultrasonography - Cleveland Clini

Real-time ultrasound accuracy for positive pregnancy diagnosis is based on the ability to visualize clear, multiple, fluid-filled pockets within the uterus. These are maximal in size between days 24 and 35 of pregnancy. Sows that are identified as pregnant between days 24 to 35 do not need to be re-checked prior to farrowing An ectopic pregnancy should be suspected if transvaginal ultrasonography shows no intrauterine gestational sac when the beta-hCG level is higher than 1,500 mlU per mL (1,500 IU per L)

Understanding basic ultrasonography (USG) in pregnancy

The basic obstetric ultrasound examination may be used to determine the location of a pregnancy and number of fetuses present and to assist in the assignment of gestational age, prenatal diagnosis of fetal anomalies, and early diagnosis of placental insufficiency. In 2007, the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM), in conjuncti.. Ultrasound in Pregnancy What is an ultrasound? An ultrasound scan is a diagnostic technique which uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of the internal organs. A screening ultrasound is sometimes done during the course of a pregnancy to monitor normal fetal growth and verify the due date In this proposed, longitudinal, observational, minimal risk study, which will take place in SMRU antenatal clinics on the Thai-Burmese border, the effect of malaria infection during pregnancy on fetal growth will be determined. Women will be screened before 13+6 weeks of gestation and followed with regular ultrasound examinations during pregnancy

ScienceCentralCongenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: The Surgeon’s PerspectiveSix Ultrasound Scans Of Baby Twins At 12 Weeks Stock Photo

Know for sure if your pregnancy is properly positioned in the uterus with an ultrasound. Medical research shows that 2% of all pregnancies are ectopic, which means that the embryo has implanted in the fallopian tubes outside of the uterus. 2 This is a life-threatening condition and requires immediate medical attention (5)Department of Ultrasound, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the fetal adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) and the predictive value of umbilical arterial Doppler ultrasonography in the third trimester in pregnant women with lupus nephritis (LN) Ultrasound is, arguably, the most commonly used diagnostic procedure in obstetrics. It is convenient, painless, yields immediate, extensive results, and is widely considered to be safe. Some (but not all) benefits described in the literature have been validated by evidence-based analysis, such as pregnancy dating There is no national literature, which have been reported studies on renal ultrasonography in pregnant women. In the literature review we did not work on nomograms renal biometry found in pregnant women. 3 So the motivation to perform biometry renal nomograms arose during pregnancy. 15-20

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